# Course Descriptions

## ACCT& 201: Principles of Accounting I

**Credits:**5.0

Theory of asset, liability, and stockholders' equity accounts; construction of financial statements. **Prerequisite(s):** ACCT 101, high school bookkeeping or instructor permission and minimum placement into AENGL 093 or ENGLP 093.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Recognize accounting transactions and record them in journals using proper formats.
- Apply the concepts of accrual accounting to transactions that span fiscal periods.
- Trace the effects of those transactions to financial statements.
- Record accounting transactions for merchandising operations and understand how to cost inventories using a variety of methods.
- Journalize transactions specific to managing cash and accounts receivable.
- Record transactions for uncollectible accounts using generally accepted principals.
- Prepare financial statements including income statements, statements of retained earnings, and balance sheets.
- Calculate and explain the significance of liquidity and profitability ratios.

## ECON 120: General Economics

**Credits:**5.0

A survey of economic principles applied to a wide range of social problems. Domestic markets, government intervention, inflation, and the global economy are all considered.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Apply supply and demand analysis to a variety of examples.
- Calculate how firms maximize profits.
- Describe the determinants of aggregate spending and multiplier effects.
- Explain and demonstrate how the tools of fiscal and monetary policies affect the economy.
- Use comparative advantage to explain the role of foreign trade.

## BUS 130: Business Mathematics

**Credits:**Maximum of 5.0 possible

Instruction and review of basic math functions to prepare students for business classes. Ratio-proportion, percents, estimating, basic algebra, trade/cash discounts, promissory notes, credit terms, and other consumer related activities. Transfer limited. **Prerequisite(s):** MATH 047 or PREP 047 or equivalent with a grade of 2.0 or higher, or appropriate score on Math Placement Test, or advisor recommendation. Minimum placement into AENGL 093 or ENGLP 093.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Solve word problems using whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. Performing addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division when appropriate.
- Convert fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions; convert fractions and decimals to percents.
- Estimate answers by rounding.
- Solve equations for unknowns.
- Solve word problems using simple algebraic equations.
- Use percents applying the portion formula to solve business problems.
- Calculate trade discounts-single and chain; cash discounts, credit terms, and partial payments; markdowns and selling price of perishables; simple interest; and maturity value of financial instruments.
- Define promissory notes and calculate interest, discount, and maturity value.

## ENGL& 111: Introduction to Literature

**Credits:**5.0

This class explores ways that writers portray human experience in their short stories, poems and plays. Through class discussions, lectures and creative responses, students will gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of literary works. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL 099 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Demonstrate knowledge of literary concepts by identifying and describing the formal elements, techniques, genres, and cultural/historical context of literary works.
- Reason clearly by applying critical reading methods/theories to analysis of texts in order to understand, interpret and draw conclusions.
- Describe and explain ways texts shape and are shaped by cultural/historical contexts and trends.
- Support analysis and interpretation of literary texts by locating, using and citing relevant textual and contextual evidence.

## ENGR& 114: Engineering Graphics

**Credits:**5.0

Methods of depicting three-dimensional objects and communicating design information. Emphasis is on using parametric solid modeling software as a design tool and using freehand sketching to develop visualization skills. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in MATH 087 or higher.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Demonstrate the ability to use pencil and paper for visualization and sketching of solid models.
- Demonstrate computer aided design (CAD) parametric solid modeling.
- Complete a project that demonstrates both sketching and CAD design.

## DIVST 125: Race and Ethnic Relations:CD

**Credits:**5.0

The study of past and present relations between race and ethnic groups in North America and the effects of immigration on these relations. Focus on causes, forms, and consequences of race and ethnic inequality as well as on resistance strategies. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101 or instructor permission. **Crosslisted as:** SOC 125.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Apply major sociological perspectives, theories, and concepts to the analysis of issues related to race and ethnicity.
- Identify and assess empirical research findings to critically analyze issues related to race and ethnicity.
- Analyze and assess the ways in which people influence racial and ethnic relations and examine the role collective behaviors play in changing these relations.
- Analyze the ways in which race and ethnicity are part of social institutions and assess the impact of socialized institutions on people's lives.
- Describe and analyze the relationship between historical and contemporary inequality with respect to race and ethnicity.
- Explain and analyze the intersections of race and ethnicity with gender, social class, sexuality, and other social identities.
- Explain and evaluate the ways in which individuals' social positions and identities shape their attitudes and views regarding race and ethnicity.
- In individual and group projects, communicate an understanding of sociological principles and their application to race and ethnicity both orally and in writing.
- Apply knowledge, awareness, and/or skills to identify and analyze issues related to diversity.

## FRCH& 121: French I

**Credits:**5.0

Introduction to spoken French. Elementary conversation, pronunciation, reading, and composition. Language practice online. **Corequisite(s):** FRCH& 121.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Comprehend content communicated orally to them in the target language.
- Communicate basic messages, thoughts, opinions, and points of view with clarity in the target language.
- Read for comprehension and make use of analytical skills and critical thinking.
- Demonstrate understanding of vocabulary and grammar structures by writing short essays in target language.
- Demonstrate general knowledge of the literature, traditions, institutions, and geography of the target language and culture.
- Compare and contrast to your own culture.

## FRCH& 122: French II

**Credits:**5.0

Continuation of FRCH& 121. Conversation, composition, reading of graded texts and culture. Language practice online. **Prerequisite(s):** FRCH& 121 with a minimum grade of 2.0.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Comprehend content communicated orally to them in the target language.
- Communicate basic messages, thoughts, opinions and points of view with clarity in the target language.
- Read for comprehension and make use of analytical skills and critical thinking.
- Demonstrate understanding of vocabulary, grammar structures by writing short essays in target language.
- Demonstrate general knowledge of the literature, traditions, institutions and geography of the target language and culture.
- Compare and contrast to your own culture.

## FRCH& 123: French III

**Credits:**5.0

Continuation of FRCH& 122. Advanced conversation, composition, reading of graded texts and culture. Language practice online. **Prerequisite(s):** FRCH& 122 with a minimum grade of 2.0 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Comprehend content communicated orally to them in the target language.
- Communicate basic messages, thoughts, opinions and points of view with clarity in a more advanced target language.
- Read for comprehension and make use of analytical skills and critical thinking.
- Demonstrate understanding of vocabulary, grammar structures by writing short essays in target language.
- Demonstrate general knowledge of the literature, traditions, institutions and geography of the target language and culture.
- Compare and contrast to your own culture.

## JOURN 125: Introduction to Journalism I:CD

**Credits:**5.0

Emphasizes integrating critical reading, thinking, and writing. Covers academic and journalistic composition methods, rhetorical principles, styles, conventions, and techniques for gathering, evaluating, using, and citing sources. Explores journalistic theories and the roles of journalism in societies, including market and cultural influences. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Integrate critical thinking, reading, and writing independently to locate, research, analyze, evaluate, and use various kinds sources.
- Adapt writing to audience, context, and purpose by independently using rhetorical principles and journalistic concepts in varied, complex ways.
- Apply composition principles and journalistic concepts independently by connecting ideas coherently, explaining them thoroughly, and arranging them logically in major news stories.
- Demonstrate writing processes by independently choosing and applying suitable strategies to different writing stages, such as idea generating, drafting, revising, editing, and proofreading.
- Apply journalistic conventions for sentence-level writing and use AP style independently for formatting, documenting, and managing multiple sources of various kinds.
- Describe and evaluate journalism theories and trends, including market and cultural influences.
- Demonstrate interview skills, write in a range of journalistic modes, and apply journalistic ethics.
- Apply knowledge, awareness, and/or skills to identify and analyze issues related to diversity.

## HIST& 117: Western Civilization II

**Credits:**5.0

Examines the history of Europe from the Middle Ages to end of the Napoleonic Wars, including such topics as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, the age of exploration, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify seminal events, movements, and institutions in European history during the period between the late Middle Ages and the end of the Napoleonic Wars, along with the key figures, groups, and ideas that contributed to their creation and development.
- Compare/contrast the philosophies, issues, and actions of different geographic regions, time periods, religions, races, and/or social status.
- Examine and evaluate historical information/arguments from different source forms.
- Express their findings in formal/informal writing, classroom discussion, online discussion, research projects, and/or oral presentation.

## HIST& 118: Western Civilization III

**Credits:**5.0

Examines the history of Europe from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the present, including such topics as the Industrial Revolution, the rise of ideologies such as socialism and fascism, the origins and impact of the World Wars, and the move toward a European Union. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify seminal events, movements, and institutions in European history during the period between the end of the Napoleonic Wars until the present, along with the key figures, groups, and ideas that contributed to their creation and development.
- Compare/contrast the philosophies, issues, and actions of different geographic regions, time periods, religions, races, and/or social status.
- Examine and evaluate historical information/arguments from different source forms.
- Express their findings in formal/informal writing, classroom discussion, online discussion, research projects, and/or oral presentation.

## HIST& 127: World Civilizations II:CD

**Credits:**5.0

Examines the development and growth of world civilizations from 800-1800 AD, with attention to the social, cultural, economic, political, intellectual, religious, and artistic trends with the major civilizations of the Near East, Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Europe. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify seminal events, movements, and institutions in world history during the period from 800-1800 AD, along with the key figures, groups, and ideas that contributed to their creation and development.
- Compare/contrast the philosophies, issues, and actions of different geographic regions, time periods, religions, races, and/or social status.
- Recognize connections between cultures, appreciating similarities and differences, and how different civilizations interacted through trade, intellectual exchange, spiritual exchange, and negative exchange such as war, imperialism, and slavery.
- Express and evaluate historical information and arguments from different source forms.
- Express their findings in formal and informal writing, classroom discussions, online discussions, research projects, and/or oral presentation.
- Apply knowledge, awareness, and/or skills to identify and analyze issues related to diversity.

## HIST& 128: World Civilizations III:CD

**Credits:**5.0

Examines the development and growth of world civilizations from 1800 until the end of the Cold War, with attention to the social, cultural, economic, political, intellectual, religious, and artistic trends with the major civilizations of the Near East, Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Europe. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify seminal events, movements, and institutions in world history during the period from 1800 to the end of the Cold War, along with the key figures, groups, and ideas that contributed to their creation and development.
- Recognize connections between cultures, appreciating similarities and differences, and how different civilizations interacted through trade, intellectual exchange, spiritual exchange, and negative exchange such as war, imperialism, and slavery.
- Express and evaluate historical information and arguments from different source forms.
- Express their findings in formal and informal writing, classroom discussions, online discussions, research projects, and/or oral presentation.
- Apply knowledge, awareness, and/or skills to identify and analyze issues related to diversity.

## HIST& 147: United States History II:CD

**Credits:**5.0

History of the United States from Andrew Jackson to the start of World War I, with particular emphasis on the road to the Civil War, Reconstruction, the Second Industrial revolution, the development of American culture and society, and issues of race, class, and gender. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify seminal events, movements, and institutions in American history from the election of Andrew Jackson until the start of World War I, along with the key figures, groups, and ideas that contributed to their creation and development.
- Identify and analyze the experiences of Americans from different religions, ethnicities, races, and genders.
- Examine and evaluate historical information/arguments from different source forms.
- Express their findings in formal/informal writing, classroom discussion, online discussion, research projects, and/or oral presentation.
- Apply knowledge, awareness, and/or skills to identify and analyze issues related to diversity.

## HIST& 148: United States History III:CD

**Credits:**5.0

World War I to the end of the Cold War, with emphasis on the two World Wars, the Great Depression and New Deal, the development of modern American society, the Cold War, and issues of race, class and gender. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify seminal events, movements, and institutions in American history from World War I until the end of the Cold War, along with the key figures, groups, and ideas that contributed to their creation and development.
- Identify and analyze the experiences of Americans from different religions, ethnicities, races, and genders.
- Examine and evaluate historical information/arguments from different source forms.
- Apply knowledge, awareness, and/or skills to identify and analyze issues related to diversity.

## MATH& 107: Mathematics in Society

**Credits:**5.0

A math course for students not planning to take additional math courses. Introduces math topics used in a variety of liberal arts disciplines, such as mathematical modeling, representational statistics, probability, and finance math. **Prerequisite(s):** MATH 087 or MATH 097 with a minimum grade of 2.0; or PREP 087, ABE 087, or HSC 087 with a minimum grade of 3.0.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Construct mathematical models for a variety of situations, using linear, quadratic, exponential, or logarithmic relationships.
- Solve financial applications, using the appropriate formula or mathematical model.
- Read, interpret, and verbalize information when it is presented in tables, graphs, or by numerical measurements.
- Summarize and tabulate data by tables, graphs, or by numerical measurements.
- Calculate probabilities using basic probability rules.
- Compute basic statistics, including the mean, standard deviation, and normal distribution.
- Solve application problems and express solutions clearly.

## MATH& 141: Precalculus I

**Credits:**5.0

General nature of functions. Linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Applications. **Prerequisite(s):** MATH 097 with a minimum grade of 2.0 or appropriate placement.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Solve problems involving the concept of a function and the related concepts of domain, range, symmetry, composition, and inverses using functions given in graphical, symbolic, or numerical form.
- Graph (with and without the aid of technology) linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions and interpret these graphs, identifying, locating, and communicating important graphical features.
- Use algebra to determine the real and complex zeros of polynomial and rational functions and be able to relate this information to their graphs.
- Solve equations and inequalities involving involving linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions using both graphical and algebraic methods, as well as technology.
- Use the aforementioned functions to model situations described in words and solve applied problems.
- Correctly use mathematical notation and language related to the concepts mentioned above.

## MATH& 142: Precalculus II

**Credits:**5.0

Continuation of MATH& 141. Trigonometric and inverse-trigonometric functions, conic sections, parametric equations, polar coordinates, vectors, and applications. **Prerequisite(s):** MATH& 141 or equivalent with a minimum grade of 2.0 or appropriate placement.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Evaluate trigonometric functions at values given in radians or degrees, using both right-angle and unit-circle approaches.
- Identify and communicate important features of trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions (including domains, ranges, symmetry, periods, and graphs) and important graphical features of conic sections.
- Solve trigonometric equations using trigonometric identities, inverse trigonometric functions, algebra, and technology.
- Prove trigonometric identities.
- Translate between graphical and algebraic representations, between the Cartesian and parametric representations of equations and graphs, and between polar and rectangular coordinates.
- Recognize and sketch graphs of equations given in polar coordinates.
- Perform vector operations, including vector algebra and dot product.
- Use parametric representation, trigonometric functions, right-triangle trigonometry, the Law of Sines, the Law of Cosines, and vectors to model situations given in words and to solve applied problems.
- Express solutions clearly with correct use of mathematical notation and terminology.

## MATH& 146: Introduction to Statistics

**Credits:**5.0

Introduction to statistical methods and applications; organization of data, sampling, testing hypotheses, confidence intervals, regression, and correlations. **Prerequisite(s):** MATH 087 with a minimum grade of 2.5; MATH 097 with a minimum grade of 2.0; or PREP 087, ABE 087, or HSC 087 with a minimum grade of 3.0; and placement in ENGL& 101.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Distinguish between quantitative and categorical data.
- Display categorical data using frequency tables and two-way tables.
- Construct appropriate graphical displays of quantitative and categorical data by hand and using technology.
- Compute appropriate summary statistics for quantitative variables.
- Perform computations using the Normal model.
- Construct and interpret scatterplots of bivariate quantitative data.
- When appropriate, compute the correlation of two quantitative variables.
- When appropriate, construct and interpret a linear regression model on two quantitative variables.
- Interpret a residual plot.
- Use random numbers to perform a simulation.
- Appropriately use terms related to sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies.
- Perform basic probability computations.
- Compute the expected value and standard deviation of a random variable.
- Perform computations with probability models, including the binomial model.
- When appropriate, construct and interpret a confidence interval and perform a hypothesis test in situations involving: a. one proportion; b. two proportions; c. one mean; and d. two means.
- When appropriate, use chi-square methods to perform: a. goodness-of-fit tests; b. tests of homogeneity; and c. tests of independence.

## MATH& 151: Calculus I

**Credits:**5.0

Limits, continuity, derivatives, and applications. Differentiation of algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse-trigonometric functions. **Prerequisite(s):** MATH& 142 with a minimum grade of 2.0 or appropriate placement.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Solve problems involving the concept of a limit using symbolic, graphical, and numerical techniques.
- Solve problems involving the concept of the derivative using symbolic, graphical, and numerical techniques.
- Interpret the meaning of the derivative in various contexts.
- Use differentiation techniques (including the product rule, quotient rule, chain rule, and implicit differentiation) to compute derivatives.
- Solve problems involving applications of the derivative by constructing functions and computing derivatives to model situations described by words.
- Solve problems involving the relationship between the graph of a function and its derivatives.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the precise definition of a limit.
- Express solutions to problems clearly with correct usage of mathematical notation and terminology.

## MATH& 152: Calculus II

**Credits:**5.0

The integral and its applications. Integration involving algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse-trigonometric functions. **Prerequisite(s):** MATH& 151 with a minimum grade of 2.0.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Compute definite and indefinite integrals of the standard algebraic and transcendental functions.
- Use integration techniques (including substitution, partial fractions, integration by parts, trigonometric substitution, and tables) to compute definite and indefinite integrals.
- Evaluate improper integrals.
- Compute approximations for definite integrals (using left-hand sum, right-hand sum, midpoint rule, trapezoid rule, or Simpson's rule) given data in graphical or table form.
- Compute approximations for definite integrals (using left-hand sum, right-hand sum, midpoint rule, trapezoid rule, or Simpson's rule) of functions.
- Apply the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
- Use integrals to compute the average value of a function.
- Use integrals to compute change in velocity given acceleration.
- Use integrals to compute displacement and total distance traveled given velocity.
- Use integrals to compute areas and volumes.
- Use integrals to determine the length of a curve.
- Use integrals to determine the work done on an object.
- Use slope fields to analyze solutions of a differential equation.
- Solve separable differential equations.
- Model exponential growth and decay using differential equations.

## MATH& 153: Calculus III

**Credits:**5.0

**Prerequisite(s):** MATH& 152 with a minimum grade of 2.0.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify the different types of sequences and series.
- Determine when a sequence or series is convergent or divergent.
- Perform basic convergence tests (including the ratio test, comparison test, and integral test).
- Compute the radius and interval of convergence for a power series.
- Compute the Taylor Series expansion of a function.
- Perform vector arithmetic computations.
- Compute using vector components.
- Perform vector operations (including dot product, cross product, and projections).
- Find an equation of a line and plane using vector notation.
- Differentiate and integrate vector-valued functions.
- Find tangent and unit tangent vectors to a smooth curve at a point.
- Compute curvature.
- Find the unit normal and binormal vectors of a smooth curve defined by a vector-valued function.
- Determine the tangential and normal components of the acceleration vector.
- Convert points and equations between rectangular coordinates and polar coordinates.
- Recognize and sketch graphs of equations in polar coordinates.
- Construct graphs, find domains and ranges, and analyze continuity and differentiability of functions with two or more independent variables.
- Write expressions for partial derivatives using limits.
- Calculate partial derivatives using formulas.

## POLS& 202: American Government

**Credits:**5.0

Introduction to the structure and processes of American government and politics. Special emphasis is placed on the relationship between political culture, thought, institutions, and the debate over public policy. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Identify the basic structure, functions, and processes of American government.
- Explain the historical and philosophical roots of the American political system and its function.
- Explain the ideological and structural inputs into policy making.
- Identify and explain the basic theories used by Political Science to understand American political behavior and political culture.
- Choose and apply relevant theory and data to an analysis of contemporary issues/policies using relevant theory and data.

## POLS& 203: International Relations

**Credits:**5.0

Current trends in global politics. Emphasis is on the sources of conflict and cooperation, international law and ethics, globalization, and international political economy. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Demonstrate an understanding of the historical roots of contemporary global politics.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts and theories used to analyze global politics and political processes.
- Demonstrate an understanding of contemporary issues in international politics.
- Critically apply relevant theories to interpret contemporary case studies.
- Cultivate an awareness of the linkage between international issues and local issues.

## POLS 206: State and Local Government

**Credits:**5.0

This course explores the basic problems confronting state and local government with emphasis on state political forces, institutions and processes, and intergovernmental relations. Focus on the characteristics of and recent developments in Washington state politics. **Prerequisite(s):** Placement in ENGL& 101.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Explain the ideological and structural inputs into policy making at the state and local level.
- Identify and explain the basic theories used by political science to understand political behavior and political culture in state and local politics.
- Choose and apply relevant theory and data to an analysis of contemporary issues and policies.
- Demonstrate an understanding of political institutions and processes at the state and local levels of government, the process through which state and local public policy is made, the shifting relationships between government at the federal, state, and local level, and the institutions, political cultures, and processes of Washington state.

## SPAN& 121: Spanish I

**Credits:**5.0

Introduction to spoken Spanish. Elementary conversation, pronunciation, reading, composition, and culture. **Corequisite(s):** SPAN 100

**Course Level Objectives**

- Comprehend content communicated orally to them in the target language.
- Communicate basic messages, thoughts, opinions, and points of view with clarity in the target language.
- Read for comprehension and make use of analytical skills and critical thinking.
- Demonstrate understanding of vocabulary, grammar structures by writing short essays in target language.
- Demonstrate general knowledge of the literature, traditions, institutions, and geography of the target language and culture.
- Compare and contrast to your own culture.

## SPAN& 122: Spanish II

**Credits:**5.0

Continuation of SPAN& 121. Conversation, composition, reading of graded texts. **Prerequisite(s):** SPAN& 121 with a minimum grade of 2.0 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Comprehend content communicated orally to them in the target language.
- Communicate basic messages, thoughts, opinions and points of view with clarity in the target language.
- Read for comprehension and make use of analytical skills and critical thinking.
- Demonstrate general knowledge of the literature, traditions, institutions and geography of the target language and culture.
- Compare and contrast to your own culture.

## SPAN& 123: Spanish III

**Credits:**5.0

Continuation of SPAN& 122. Conversation, composition, and reading of graded texts. **Prerequisite(s):** SPAN& 122 with a minimum grade of 2.0 or instructor permission.

**Course Level Objectives**

- Comprehend content communicated orally to them in the target language.
- Communicate basic messages, thoughts, opinions and points of view with clarity in a more advanced target language.
- Read for comprehension and make use of analytical skills and critical thinking.
- Compare and contrast to your own culture.