Horticulture

Course Descriptions

HORT 102: Horticulture Plant Science

Credits: 4.0

The structure, function, classification, and ecology of vascular plants are explored in this introductory botany course, with an emphasis on cultivated and native plants of the Pacific Northwest.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify vascular plant vegetative and reproductive structures (morphology), and explain how they are influenced by genetic inheritance and adaptation.
  2. Describe the relationship between plant morphology and anatomy and physiological processes, such as water and nutrient uptake and transport, photosynthesis, respiration, growth and reproduction, and stress response.
  3. Examine plant morphology and physiology as a function of biophysical factors, environmental change, and human interaction and manipulation.
  4. Apply the methods of plant taxonomy and botanical nomenclature through the identification, classification, and description of plants and plant groups, particularly those common to the Pacific Northwest.
  5. Discuss the significance of plant diversity to terrestrial ecosystems and human societies, including the cultivation of plants for food, fiber, fuel, and medicinal and aesthetic purposes.

HORT 104: Agroecology: Ecological Approach to Agriculture

Credits: 5.0

Survey of agroecology, a multi disciplinary field that applies ecological principles to the analysis and management of agriculture systems. Explore ways to create abundance and reduce external inputs by enhancing nutrient cycling, energy flow, and beneficial interactions. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe the ecological principles that support agroecosystems, and compare the ecology and economy of agroecosystem landscapes at different scales.
  2. Describe the biological, physical, and chemical factors that affect plant growth and reproduction and how these factors are managed for agricultural production, with an emphasis on the Pacific Northwest.
  3. Examine conventional and alternative agricultural paradigms and practices from an agroecological perspective, and incorporate analyses of system productivity, resiliency, diversity, and equitability.
  4. Discuss the ways in which socioeconomic, cultural, and political dynamics influence local and global food systems.
  5. Assess the challenges and opportunities encountered when developing and managing sustainable urban and small farm agriculture systems.

HORT 106: Broadleaf Plant Identification

Credits: 5.0

Learn to recognize the principal broadleaf evergreens used in Northwest gardens along with their culture and use. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize the commonly used broadleaved evergreens of Pacific Northwest gardens by their scientific (Latin) name, including family affiliation, and common name.
  2. List the regions of origin and cultivation requirements of the plants under study.

HORT 107: Conifer Plant Identification

Credits: 4.0

Learn to recognize the principal coniferous trees and shrubs used in Northwest gardens along with their culture and use. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify the commonly used coniferous trees and shrubs used in the Pacific Northwest by scientific name, family affiliation, and common name.
  2. List the regions of origin and cultural requirements of plants under study.

HORT 108: Deciduous Plant Identification

Credits: 5.0

Learn to recognize the principal deciduous, flowering trees and shrubs used in Northwest gardens along with their culture and use. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize the commonly used deciduous, flowering trees and shrubs of Pacific Northwest gardens by their scientific name, family affiliation, and common name.
  2. List the regions of origin and cultivation requirements of plants under study.

HORT 109: Soil Science and Conservation

Credits: 5.0

The study of soils as living ecosystems, including their physical, chemical, and biological properties. Nutrient cycling, fertility management, soil building, and site diagnosis and classification are also examined. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own. Prerequisite(s): Placement into BRDGE 093 or EAP 121 or higher. MATH 087 or higher, HORT 102, or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe soil physical, chemical, and biological properties and processes to assess soil quality while using appropriate tools, techniques, and technologies.
  2. Classify and describe soils common to the Pacific Northwest based on geology, topography, climate, organisms, and the influence of time on their formation.
  3. Describe the function and significance of biotic activity on soil development, fertility, and ecosystem conservation.
  4. Evaluate the impact of land use management practices on soil quality and quantity, and recommend plans for restoring and enhancing the productivity of degraded urban, agricultural, wetland, and forest soils.
  5. Analyze relationships between soil health, plant vigor, agricultural productivity, human nutrition, and the stability of human societies.

HORT 110: Pest Management Programming

Credits: 2.0

Introduction to the basic tenets of pest management program development, materials safety, and proper use of equipment. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or EAP 121 or higher and MATH 087 or higher.

Course Level Objectives

  1. List and describe the basic tenets of pest management.
  2. List and describe the principal components of a sustainable pest management program including strategies for pest suppression.
  3. Describe the principal types of pesticides and their general uses based on formulation, concentration, and sustainability.
  4. Accurately interpret pesticide labels and safety requirements.
  5. Calculate site area, formulation volumes, and equipment calibrations based on directions for pesticide use.
  6. Pass the Washington State Department of Agriculture pesticide applicators exam.

HORT 116: Plant Insects

Credits: 4.0

Insect pests, predators and parasites of Pacific Northwest ornamentals; lifecycles and damages; chemical and biologic control methods with a sustainable focus. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or instructor permission. Students encouraged to have taken HORT 106, 107, 108, and 110.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information about the major types of pestiferous insects, plant hosts, along with signs and symptoms in order to successfully diagnose a variety of plant problems.
  2. Work effectively in groups to evaluate insect-related plant health conditions and recommend control options given a variety of landscape situations.
  3. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate selection of the least toxic and most sustainable method of control for a variety of common plant diseases.

HORT 117: Pruning

Credits: 3.5

Principles of pruning including tools, techniques, timing and special treatment of Pacific Northwest ornamentals. Field experience is stressed, including ladder use. Students must supply their own by-pass hand pruners, folding saw, and rain gear.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information from multiple perspectives (lecture, reading and field practice) in order to make decisions about how to appropriately prune a variety of common landscape plants in different situations.
  2. Work effectively within a group of 3-4 people to analyze a set of plants,explore different pruning options,select a pruning approach and defend the choice.
  3. Demonstrate professional pruning skills and knowledge with appropriate behaviors necessary for employability in the landscape industry.

HORT 118: Introduction to Plant Pests

Credits: 6.0

Introduction to the most common disease and insect pests of Northwest landscapes and nurseries. Focus on diagnosing pest problems and best practice solutions with an Integrated Pest Management approach. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or EAP 121 or higher, HORT 102 or instructor permission. Students encouraged to have taken HORT 106, 107, 108, 109, and 110.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information about the major types of plant diseases, plant hosts, and symptoms in order to successfully diagnose a variety of biotic and abiotic plant problems.
  2. Work effectively in groups to evaluate plant health, identify plant diseases, and recommend control options given a variety of landscape situations.
  3. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate selection of the least toxic and most sustainable method of disease control for a variety of common plant diseases.

HORT 120: Landscape Appreciation

Credits: 2.0

This basic design course explores design elements and principles and their application in landscape design, maintenance, and other fields of horticulture.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Evaluate and apply the elements and principles of design to landscaped spaces.
  2. Communicate findings and observations of creative models and processes through written and graphic means.

HORT 134: Interior Plants

Credits: 3.0

Tropical plants used in the home, office, and commercial sites. Information in the care of the most popular species including how to extend their life and vitality. Field trips and hands-on learning in the greenhouse and lab are important parts of the course. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize a variety of tropical plants by scientific name, family affiliation, and common name.
  2. Analyze and evaluate tropical plant cultural requirements in order to diagnose and correct plant problems.
  3. Demonstrate skills and knowledge for propagating common tropical plants.

HORT 155: Special Topics

Credits: Maximum of 5.0 possible

Classes, workshops or seminars of current interest in Horticulture.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate learning objectives as determined by the supervising instructor.

HORT 160: Woody Plants for Gardeners

Credits: 5.0

Interested in learning 250 of the most commonly used woody landscape plants? This class is a primer on trees and shrubs for Northwest gardens. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize broadleaved evergreens, coniferous, and deciduous trees and shrubs commonly used in Pacific Northwest gardens by their scientific (Latin) name, including family affiliation, and common name.
  2. List the regions of origin and cultivation requirements of the plants under study.

HORT 170: Fall Garden Practices

Credits: 3.0

Introduces students to basic landscape installation and preservation practices for fall, including fall turf and planting bed management, planting and transplanting techniques, and equipment operation. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate safe practices in selection, lifting, transport, handling, and cleanup of tools.
  2. Demonstrate and describe proper tree and shrub installation.
  3. Describe fall weed control methods and techniques.
  4. Describe fall bulb planting techniques.

HORT 172: Spring Garden Practices

Credits: 3.0

Introduction to basic landscape installation and maintenance practices for spring shrub/tree planting, staking, turf aeration/ thatching, mowing, edging, fertilizing, and more. Safe and efficient operation of equipment is stressed. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate safe practices in selection, lifting, transport, handling and cleanup of landscape tools.
  2. Demonstrate and describe proper landscape planting techniques of groundcovers and herbaceous plants.
  3. Demonstrate and describe soil preparation and lay sod.
  4. Describe lawn maintenance techniques.

HORT 174: Horticulture Tools and Materials

Credits: 4.0

Selection, use and sizing of materials and plants as well as the maintenance and safe use of tools and equipment for landscaping and nursery use. Estimating quantities of materials for typical horticultural applications. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 087 or higher.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Locate, evaluate and apply information in order to select materials for a variety of landscape and nursery applications.
  2. Analyze landscape plans and specifications to determine materials and quantities required for landscape installation and maintenance.
  3. Exchange or present information on common materials used in the landscape and nursery industry.

HORT 191: Internship

Credits: Maximum of 5.0 possible

Practical work experience at horticultural institutions, businesses, farms, and food system enterprises that applies and builds upon knowledge and skills derived from program coursework. Student will establish learning objectives and outcomes with the internship provider. S/U grade option. Permit code required. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Select a horticulture internship in landscape horticulture, restoration horticulture, or sustainable agriculture.
  2. Identify and fulfill internship outcomes mutually agreed upon by the intern and internship provider.
  3. Document knowledge and skills acquired and practiced during the internship.

HORT 192: Careers Seminar

Credits: 1.5

A series of presentations and panel discussions with professionals to explore horticulture career options, work profiles, and the knowledge and skills required to be successful. Students identify career interests and resources then develop education and career goals. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe the knowledge and skills necessary to perform tasks associated with horticulture careers in greenhouse and nursery operations, landscape and restoration horticulture, or urban agriculture.
  2. Identify horticulture careers of interest, assess personal knowledge and skills, and consider complementary education and experiential options toward career goals.
  3. Locate horticulture education, experiential, and career resources, compile information gleaned from discussion with professionals, and formulate a plan and timetable to achieve goals.

HORT 193: Practicum in Sustainable Agriculture

Credits: 2.0

Hands on practical experience managing a sustainable urban farm enterprise for aspiring practitioners. Should be taken within last two quarters of the program. Permit code required. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Apply knowledge and skills derived from program coursework to seasonally appropriate urban farm site planning, propagation, production, cultivation, harvesting, and post-harvesting of crops.
  2. Operate task appropriate urban farm equipment and tools in a safe and efficient manner.
  3. Manage soils, weeds, insects, and diseases for optimal agroecosystem health and economic benefit.
  4. Evaluate urban farm site operations and production within an integrated whole farm context that aims to balance sustainable small business and landscape management.

HORT 196: Introduction to the Nursery and Greenhouse

Credits: 3.0

Explore greenhouse/nursery operations and basic plant production requirements in a hands-on approach to learning at our college nursery facility. Field trips to commercial operations. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate rudimentary skills in greenhouse/nursery facility operation, maintenance, and plant culture including manual irrigation of crops, handling and use of growing medium, fertilizer application, crop transplanting, crop labeling, select techniques in plant propagation, pest monitoring and documentation.

HORT 198: Individual Project in Horticulture

Credits: 1.0 to 5.0

Independent study of a student-selected project or approved experience in the field of horticulture. S/U grade option. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available. Prerequisite(s): Instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Complete an independent project (research of expression) on a focused area of interest or need.
  2. Develop specific concepts or materials relevant to Horticulture industry.
  3. Develop, with guidance, a comprehensive approach or activity that supplements practiced skills.
  4. Develop, implement, and complete a total project adhering to established procedures and due dates.

HORT 199: Special Projects

Credits: Maximum of 5.0 possible

Requires research in areas not specifically covered in other coursework. Credit available with approval. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate learning objectives as determined by the supervising instructor.

HORT 204: Ferns and Fern Allies

Credits: 2.0

Learn to recognize, grow, and propagate an ancient group of plants that predated the dinosaurs, provided their food, and outlived them to become coveted garden plants for people. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify the major genera of ferns and fern allies and their cultural needs.
  2. Identify the common pests, diseases and environmental maladies of ferns and suggest remedies.
  3. Describe propagation techniques of ferns in both sexual and asexual methods.
  4. Determine and discuss landscape uses and placement of these plants.

HORT 207: Native Plants in the Landscape

Credits: 2.0

Identify principal native plant communities of Washington state through class work and field trips. Examine cultural requirements and garden attributes. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. List the principal floristic zones of Washington state.
  2. Identify key floristic indicator trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants as well as restorative and garden worthy representatives.
  3. Research and analyze the cultural requirements of various native plants.

HORT 210: Fine Gardening Practicum

Credits: 3.0

Hands-on experience in the development and management of intricate gardens of herbaceous, woody, and edible plants. Class may include border and bed design, installation, renovation, and all manner of garden management activities. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe and follow safe practices in selection, handling, transport, and cleanup of landscape tools.
  2. Demonstrate and describe sustainable care of shrubs, sub-shrubs, herbaceous plants, and vines.
  3. Describe and demonstrate propagation of perennials by division.
  4. Describe and demonstrate effective team skills.

HORT 211: Spring Flowering Herbaceous Plants

Credits: 3.5

Spring flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials for Northwest gardens; learn to identify, appreciate and utilize this season's noteworthy stars as you visit them in a variety of settings. S/U grade option. Prerequisite(s): HORT 102. Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize spring flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials common in Pacific Northwest gardens by scientific (Latin), common name, and family affiliation.
  2. Describe the cultural requirements and landscape uses of the above plants.

HORT 212: Summer Flowering Herbaceous Plants

Credits: 2.5

Summer flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials for Northwest gardens; learn to identify, appreciate and utilize this season's noteworthy stars as you visit them in a variety of settings. S/U grade option. Prerequisite(s): HORT 102. Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize summer flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials by scientific (Latin), common name and family affiliation.
  2. List the cultural requirements and landscape uses of the above plants.

HORT 213: Fall Flowering Herbaceous Plants

Credits: 2.5

Fall flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials for Northwest gardens; learn to identify, appreciate and utilize this season's noteworthy stars as you visit them in a variety of settings. S/U grade option. Prerequisite(s): HORT 102. Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize fall flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials by scientific (Latin), common name, and family affiliation.
  2. List the cultural requirements and landscape uses of the above plants.

HORT 218: Hedges, Screens and Espaliers

Credits: 1.0

The selection of plant for hedges and special approaches (espalier, pleaching, etc.). Pruning, renovation, site preparation and planting are covered. A field trip is integral to this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the site on your own. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze a site in order to find the best plant available.
  2. Evaluate a variety of plants adaptability for hedging.
  3. Define the steps needed to prepare an area for planting a hedge.

HORT 221: Plants in the Landscape

Credits: 3.0

Not only a review of outside woody plants but also a look at how they can be used in the landscape keeping in mind their environmental tolerances and aesthetic qualities. Successful plant combinations will be explored with on-site visitations. Prerequisite(s): HORT 106, 107, and 108 or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze and discuss site conditions that influence plant health.
  2. Explore critically and creatively a variety of garden sites for aesthetics and sustainable garden practices.
  3. Define and select suitable plants for given sites.

HORT 223: Japanese Garden Arts

Credits: 2.0

Exploration of Japanese gardens in reference to the American landscape. Topics discussed include history, design, construction and maintenance. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Define and describe the interaction of a variety of arts and crafts from Japan with the art of garden design.
  2. Describe and identify basic design principles within Japanese Gardens.
  3. Identify the influence of Japanese Gardens in modern western landscape design.

HORT 224: Design Presentation

Credits: 3.0

Provides background training in the creation of a professional level plot plan. Topics include scales, lettering, and layout for a legible plan. Learn basics of selection/elevations and perspective sketching. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Use appropriate tools, techniques and technologies to create landscape plans, section/elevation, one-point perspectives and quick perspective sketches.
  2. Communicate results of creative and analytical thought through conventional landscape graphics.

HORT 225: Unusual Plants for Modern/Gardens

Credits: 4.0

Observe and learn to utilize many of the best new and unusual woody ornamentals available for the modern garden. Visits to specialty nurseries and area private gardens will be scheduled. Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.  Prerequisite(s): HORT 102 or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize woody plants introduced to the nursery trade within the last 10 years for use in the Puget Sound landscape.
  2. Analyze and evaluate information that defines current trends in the landscape and nursery trade.
  3. Exchange or present information and perspectives through written and verbal means about the plants covered in this class.

HORT 226: Rock Garden Plants

Credits: 2.0

Introduction to cultivation of alpine and rock garden plants in the Pacific Northwest. Topics include common and rare plants, rock gardening, and alpines in pots. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify common and rare rock garden plants along with their cultural tolerances.
  2. Define and describe construction methods of rock gardens.
  3. Analyze site and design considerations.

HORT 227: Container Gardening

Credits: 3.0

Container gardens for effective displays. Soils, drainage, containers, fertilizers, plant combinations, maintenance and preservation practices are considered. Hands on experience included.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze and describe the special growth conditions imposed by containers.
  2. Design container combinations suitable for the Pacific Northwest in a variety of sun/shade exposures and design styles.
  3. Describe and demonstrate industry accepted practices in container maintenance.

HORT 228: Field Sketching

Credits: 3.0

Drawing techniques that will help develop ideas and facilitate designer/client communication. Class will include field trips to area gardens for sketching practice.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Engage in imaginative and critical inquiry to gain sketching skills and interact respectfully through critical and imaginative expression.
  2. Use creative and critical processes to compare and contrast a variety of drawing styles.

HORT 229: Plant Propagation

Credits: 3.0

Hands-on introduction to seed collecting, treatment, germination; handling, preparation, treatment and rooting of cuttings; grafting tools and the preparation of grafts; and a field trip to examine how micropropagation in tissue culture is accomplished. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Correctly identify, properly handle, and successfully process propagules to produce new plants.
  2. Recognize and solve rudimentary problems in the plant propagation process.
  3. Accurately document the plant propagation process using the vocabulary of propagation and plant nomenclature.
  4. Make appropriate use of tools, materials, substances, and environments for propagating plants.

HORT 231: Micropropagation Laboratory

Credits: 1.0

A hands-on laboratory to prepare and produce plants using micropropagation. Prerequisite(s): HORT 229 recommended.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and describe each stage of micropropagation.
  2. Organize and sanitize a tissue culture work space.
  3. Establish propagules in aseptic culture.
  4. Multiply developing propagules in aseptic culture.
  5. Establish cultured shoots in rooting medium.

HORT 232: Grafting

Credits: 1.0

Hands-on laboratory to prepare and graft several kinds of plants to take home. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize the common types of grafts used in horticulture and be familiar with their horticultural history and purpose.
  2. Identify and use the tools and materials necessary to perform successful grafts.
  3. Successfully perform cleft, whip and veneer grafts when required.

HORT 233: Seed Propagation Lab

Credits: 1.0

Hands-on laboratory to gain additional experience propagating plants from seed with an in-depth examination of seed selection, the development of seed lines and seed germination requirements. Prerequisite(s): HORT 229 recommended.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe genetic implications and issues affecting seed propagation.
  2. Identify various methods for harvesting, storing, and processing seeds.
  3. Identify and apply appropriate treatments to remove various types of seed dormancies.
  4. Describe various methods for controlling seed pollination.
  5. Describe various seed propagation systems.
  6. Successfully prepare and sow seeds for germination.

HORT 234: Hardwood Cuttings Lab

Credits: 1.0

Hands-on laboratory with a special focus on the handling, preparation, treatment, and rooting of hardwood cuttings with an in-depth examination of the special attributes of hardwood cutting propagation. Prerequisite(s): HORT 229 recommended.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify various methods for harvesting, storing, and preparing cuttings.
  2. Identify various types of cutting treatments.
  3. Describe various cutting propagation systems.
  4. Successfully prepare and set cuttings for rooting.

HORT 236: Nursery and Greenhouse Operations

Credits: 4.0

Explore the principal facets of wholesale nursery and greenhouse operation and management including spatial organization, facilities, plant production systems, and marketing. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or higher, HORT 102 and HORT 196 or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify the major segments of a production nursery and greenhouse business plan.
  2. Identify and describe the common types of greenhouses, nursery configurations, and factors impacting their siting and orientation.
  3. Identify and describe the principal biotic and abiotic factors limiting the successful growth of greenhouse and nursery crops.
  4. Describe the basic principles of crop selection, marketing, and nursery / greenhouse management.
  5. Describe the principal business practices important to successful production nursery and greenhouse operation-function as part of a group.
  6. Develop and implement a production plan for a nursery and a greenhouse crop.

HORT 241: Vegetable and Herb Production: Winter

Credits: 2.0

Design and implement a four season vegetable and herb garden, focusing on site and crop selection, garden and bed layouts, soil preparation and building, and comparative growing methods. Students sow early season crops in the greenhouse for subsequent outdoor transplanting. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Design and implement garden layouts and planting plans to maximize efficient use of site characteristics and vegetable and herb cultural requirements.
  2. Select and manage bioregionally and seasonally appropriate spring and summer crops for a variety of soil preparation, plant growing, and cover cropping methods.
  3. Create and implement polycultural intercropping and succession planting plans and schedules within crop rotation and season extension systems for four season production.
  4. Discuss the limiting factors to crop growth, such as soil conditions, pollination, pestiferous organisms, and the management practices that integrate soil building, perennial crops, and small animals.
  5. Demonstrate vegetable and herb greenhouse and cold frame propagation techniques while managing limiting factors.

HORT 242: Introduction to Arboriculture

Credits: 3.0

Covers basics of arboriculture and tree management, including tree physiology, selection, maintenance and common landscape problems. International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) standards will be discussed. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and evaluate data necessary to assess tree risk and appraise tree value based on current International Society of Arboriculture accepted practices and procedures.
  2. Acquire and apply information about tree problem diagnosis and management methods.
  3. Communicate information about the variety of career options in the field of arboriculture.
  4. Demonstrate skills and knowledge of appropriate sustainable practices for tree selection, installation, establishment, pruning and maintenance.

HORT 244: Vegetable and Herb Production: Spring

Credits: 3.0

Continuation of HORT 241, focusing on crop cultural requirements, polycultural intercropping, succession planting, crop rotation, and the management of biological competitors. Students practice techniques at the on campus garden. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Select and manage bioregionally and seasonally appropriate summer and fall crops for a variety of soil preparation, plant growing, and cover cropping methods.
  2. Create and implement polycultural intercropping and succession planting plans and schedules within crop rotation and season extension systems for four season production.
  3. Discuss the limiting factors to crop growth, such as soil conditions, pollination, and pestiferous organisms, and the management practices that integrate soil building, perennial crops, and small animals.
  4. Demonstrate vegetable and herb greenhouse propagation, transplanting and direct seeding, growing, and harvesting and storage techniques while managing limiting factors.
  5. Analyze and evaluate the crop production results and resource conservation values of diverse designs, plans, methods, techniques, and management.

HORT 245: Vegetable and Herb Production: Summer

Credits: 2.0

Continuation of HORT 241 and HORT 244, focusing on season extension, harvesting and storage, cover cropping, and an analysis of crop production results and resource conservation values. Students practice techniques at the on campus garden. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Select and manage bioregionally and seasonally appropriate fall and over winter crops for a variety of soil preparation, plant growing, and cover cropping methods.
  2. Create and implement polycultural intercropping and succession planting plans and schedules within crop rotation and season extension systems for four season production.
  3. Discuss the limiting factors to crop growth, such as soil conditions, pollination, pestiferous organisms, and the management practice that integrate soil building, perennial crops, and small animals.
  4. Demonstrate vegetable and herb greenhouse propagation, transplanting and direct seeding, growing, and harvesting and storage techniques while managing limiting factors.
  5. Analyze and evaluate the crop production results and resource conservation values of diverse designs, plans, methods, techniques, and management.

HORT 247: Fruit and Nut Production: Winter

Credits: 2.0

Tree fruit production for the urban garden to small farm, focusing on cultivar selection, cultural requirements, propagation, planting, pruning, and management, with specific attention to heritage fruit tree restoration. Students practice techniques at the on campus garden. S/U grade option. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and select bioregionally appropriate tree fruit cultivars and rootstock, and manage their site specific growth and cultural requirements.
  2. Discuss cultivar physiology and the limiting factors to growth, such as soil conditions, pollination, and pestiferous organisms.
  3. Demonstrate tree fruit whip grafting propagation, bare root planting, and winter pruning and training techniques while managing limiting factors.
  4. Practice pruning heritage fruit trees, and discuss the significance of fruit tree and orchard restoration within the context of sustainable food systems.
  5. Apply integrated pest management (IPM) and other pestiferous control techniques to maintain cultivar health, vigor, and productivity.

HORT 250: Introduction to Restoration Ecology

Credits: 4.0

Introduction to the basic tenets of restoration ecology with a focus on the revegetation and repair of degraded and abandoned land as well as mitigating urbanization.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Define and distinguish between the concepts of restoration ecology, ecological restoration, reclamation and rehabilitation.
  2. Identify and interpret "natural capital" and its restoration.
  3. Estimate the degree of degradation to an ecosystem using reference ecosystems.
  4. Define restoration thresholds.
  5. Set restoration goals and identify appropriate restoration options and tools.
  6. Measure and evaluate restoration success.
  7. Identify and analyze a variety of methods used for monitoring and maintenance of ecological restoration projects.

HORT 251: Restoration Horticulture

Credits: 5.0

Horticultural principles associated with ecological restoration with applied projects in re-vegetation and habitat restoration. Prerequisite(s): HORT 250.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe, compare, and contrast a full array of standard and horticultural techniques used in the planning and process of ecological restoration.
  2. Identify a project site(s), plan, and implement a low impact development and/or classic restoration project.
  3. Analyze and evaluate the status of current and completed restoration projects.
  4. Compare horticultural techniques used in restoration to traditional horticultural practices.

HORT 252: Low Impact Landscaping

Credits: 3.0

Introduction to horticultural and landscape technologies that mitigate the impact and disturbance of urban development on natural systems. These include bioswales, rain gardens, green roofs, and other green infrastructure.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and interpret ecosystem services commonly disrupted by urban and suburban development.
  2. Identify and interpret the effectiveness of low impact development horticultural solutions to mitigate the impact of urban development on ecosystem services.
  3. Propose, design, and estimate the cost of construction for a low impact horticulture solution to help restore an ecosystem service(s) to an urban development.

HORT 253: Fruit and Nut Production: Spring

Credits: 3.0

Continuation of HORT 247, focusing on nut, vine, and uncommon fruit production, with specific attention to environmental change, biological competitors, and pollination patterns. Students practice techniques at the on campus garden. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and select bioregionally appropriate nut, vine, and uncommon fruit cultivars and rootstock, and manage their site specific growth and cultural requirements.
  2. Discuss cultivar physiology and the limiting factors to growth, such as soil conditions, pollination, and pestiferous organisms.
  3. Discuss woody plant phenology and pollinator behavior and the significance of environmental change upon biological competitors, pollination patterns, and sustainable food systems.
  4. Demonstrate tree fruit top grafting propagation, diverse planting methods, and spring pruning, training, and thinning techniques while managing limiting factors.
  5. Apply integrated pest management (IPM) and other pestiferous control techniques to maintain cultivar health, vigor, and productivity.

HORT 254: Fruit and Nut Production: Summer

Credits: 2.0

Continuation of HORT 247 and HORT 253, focusing on soft fruit production and harvest and storage practices, with specific attention to designing polycultural cropping plans and food forests. Students practice techniques at the on campus garden. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and select bioregionally appropriate soft fruit cultivars and rootstock, and manage their site specific growth and cultural requirements.
  2. Discuss cultivar physiology and the limiting factors to growth, such as soil conditions, pollination, and pestiferous organisms.
  3. Demonstrate tree fruit bud grafting propagation, summer pruning and training techniques, and harvest and storage practices while managing limiting factors.
  4. Apply integrated pest management (IPM) and other pestiferous control techniques to maintain cultivar health, vigor, and productivity.
  5. Design polycultural cropping plans and food forest systems and discuss management methods that integrate soil building, annual crops, and small animals.

HORT 255: Horticultural Seminars

Credits: Maximum of 5.0 possible

Subject matter of topical interest. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate learning objectives as determined by the supervising instructor.

HORT 256: Permaculture Design

Credits: 4.0

A whole systems introduction to permaculture design that applies associated ethics, principles, and tools to urban and small farm agriculture systems. Student teams meet regularly outside of class to work on design projects. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe whole systems and permaculture design ethics, principles, processes, methods, strategies, and techniques, and apply these tools to urban and small farm agriculture systems.
  2. Examine design principles in the context of agroecosystem productivity, resiliency, diversity, and equitability.
  3. Analyze and assess site conditions, interpret user and client needs, and employ whole systems thinking to real world design challenges and opportunities.
  4. Integrate design elements of agricultural, natural, and built environments to support multiple functions for resource production and conservation.
  5. Create design products that respond to user and client needs and demonstrate a comprehensive assimilation of whole systems and permaculture design concepts.

HORT 257: Urban Farming and Business Planning I

Credits: 3.0

Explore urban farm models and entrepreneurship while developing springtime hands on urban farming skills. Conceive of and draft an urban whole farm management plan and business plan. Students practice techniques at the Sammamish Valley Student Farm. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Discuss and evaluate common and emergent urban farm models, and describe the entrepreneurial competencies required to sustain these small businesses.
  2. Demonstrate springtime urban farm management skills with farm site soils, plants, animals, equipment, tools, materials, and supplies both in a greenhouse and in the field.
  3. Apply and compare a diverse set of cropping systems and practices associated with urban scale operations for four season production in the Pacific Northwest.
  4. Produce an urban whole farm management plan outline that balances productive efficiency, resource conservation, and socioeconomic resiliency.
  5. Describe the components of a farm business plan, and create a plan outline based upon triple bottom line sustainability principles and agricultural market research.

HORT 258: Urban Farming and Business Planning II

Credits: 3.0

Continuation of HORT 257, exploring urban farm models and entrepreneurship while developing summertime hands on urban farming skills. Complete and present an urban whole farm management and business plan. Students practice techniques at the Sammamish Valley Student Farm. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own. Prerequisite(s): HORT 257.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Discuss and evaluate common and emergent urban farm models, and describe the entrepreneurial competencies required to sustain these small businesses.
  2. Demonstrate summertime urban farm management skills with farm site soils, plants, animals, equipment, tools, materials, and supplies both in a greenhouse and in the field.
  3. Apply and compare a diverse set of cropping systems and practices associated with urban scale operations for four season production in the Pacific Northwest.
  4. Produce an urban whole farm management plan that balances productive efficiency, resource conservation, and socioeconomic resiliency.
  5. Describe the components of a farm business plan, and create a plan based upon triple bottom line sustainability principles and agricultural market research.

HORT 259: Postharvest to Local Market Operations

Credits: 3.0

Study local food system development, food physiology, and food security, safety, and quality issues through exposure to real world postharvest and direct market operations, with an emphasis on urban agriculture enterprises. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe the components of a food system, compare conventional and alternative food systems, and interpret emerging trends in local food system and food hub development.
  2. Explain postharvest physiology in terms of food processing and storage methods and infrastructure design, and recognize associated equipment, tools, materials, and supplies.
  3. Examine the importance of Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) and Good Handling Practice (GHP) standards and their effect upon food security, safety, and quality.
  4. Discuss direct market and value-added sales opportunities for micro-scale farms, such as farmers markets, Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) programs, grocery stores, and restaurants.
  5. Produce postharvest and direct market operational recommendations and plans based upon the needs of an urban agriculture enterprise.

HORT 262: Landscape Design I

Credits: 6.0

Residential landscape design based on a seven step process. This class is for the professional with emphasis on usable outdoor spaces. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or higher, HORT 120 and 224 or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Engage in imaginative and critical inquiry to explore concepts and perspectives in order to develop landscape designs that are site and client specific.
  2. Locate, acquire, evaluate, and apply information in order to prepare landscape basemaps, site surveys and site analysis.
  3. Use appropriate tools, techniques and technology to communicate effectively with clients and professionals in the landscape industry.

HORT 263: Landscape Design II

Credits: 6.0

Continuation of planting design principles from HORT 262 applied to residential and small commercial landscapes. Design and preparation of planting plans and schedules. Professional presentation emphasized. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or higher, HORT 106, 107, 108, 224, 262, or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize, integrate and evaluate principles of planting design theory in the context of spatial design.
  2. Engage in imaginative and critical inquiry to explore planting schemes in the field and during the planning stages using criteria of sound horticulture and aesthetics.
  3. Prepare professional level planting plans and schedules, estimating quantity and sizes of plants required.
  4. Demonstrate appropriate techniques and technologies to present and deliver oral presentations to clients.
  5. Demonstrate skills and knowledge associated with the responsible stewardship sustainability of the managed landscape through planting design.

HORT 264: CADD for Landscape

Credits: 3.0

Introduction to computer-aided drafting using professional CADD software as a tool for landscape design. Navigate CADD to generate base and planting plans, import and export to AutoCAD, and utilize a labeling program that provides plant lists and bid packages. Prerequisite(s): Placement into BRDGE 093 or higher and MATH 087 or higher. Basic proficiency in navigating a MS Windows 98/2000/XP environment. HORT 262 or equivalent.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Develop residential landscape plans in a CADD 2-D drawing program.
  2. Evaluate and apply information from a landscape plan to develop cost estimates using commercial software.
  3. Utilize plan, elevation and section drawings completed in CADD as communication, marketing and sales tools.

HORT 269: Horticulture Business Practices

Credits: 4.0

Introduction to business practices essential to the operation of a successful landscape or nursery business. Basic record keeping, planning, bidding, and estimating contracts, and responsibilities. Prerequisite(s): Placement into BRDGE 093 or higher and MATH 087 or higher. Knowledge of Word and Excel recommended.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Complete Washington state Master Business Application online.
  2. Define and describe the necessary resources, licenses and permits needed to run a landscaping business in Washington state.
  3. Develop a basic business plan utilizing a template.
  4. Define and describe basic book keeping requirements for a small business.

HORT 270: Restorative Design Solutions

Credits: 3.0

Pragmatic approach to site design emphasizing restorative approaches to a variety of disturbed landscapes. Students will complete site analysis, program development, planting plans and plant schedules for a site. Prerequisite(s): HORT 106, 107 and 108; HORT 207 and 250.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and analyze site conditions that influence hydrology and plant communities.
  2. Develop planting plans and schedules that restore wildlife habitat, reduce surface runoff and improve water quality.
  3. Describe and illustrate the restoration principles for successful site design.
  4. Define and describe the goals of low-impact development.

HORT 272: Aquaponic Systems and Food Production

Credits: 4.0

Introduction to aquaponic systems: the integrated cultivation of food plant hydroponics and aquatic animal aquaculture in a symbiotic environment for urban and small farm agriculture. Students practice techniques at a local farm. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe specific aquaponic and hydroponic systems, compare the trade offs between these systems and soil based agriculture, and examine their relative contribution to food security.
  2. Design aquaponic system conceptual models, and construct structures when applicable while maintaining the functional components of a working system.
  3. Select, propagate, and manage the cultural requirements of aquaponic system food plants and aquatic animals, and harvest products for four season production.
  4. Identify and analyze the limiting factors to aquaponic system crop growth, such as water quality and nutrient cycling, and modify the system to optimize efficiency.
  5. Explain how aquaponic system structures, products, by-products, and energy requirements can be integrated into a whole farm management plan and business plan.

HORT 275: Garden Structures

Credits: 3.0

A survey of various types of garden structures from pergolas and trellises to fences and gates including their components and assembly techniques. Introduces basic construction techniques and construction details for these structures. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 087 or higher, HORT 174.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and describe common garden structures by purpose, style, and building materials.
  2. Identify and describe common construction methods and details for garden structures.
  3. Identify and describe basic building materials including fasteners and other hardware.

HORT 276: Hardscapes: Brick, Concrete, and Stone

Credits: 3.0

A survey of garden walkways, patios, and retaining walls including an analysis of common hardscape materials such as brick, concrete, and stone and the construction techniques used with these materials. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Be prepared to arrive and depart from sites on your own. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 087 or higher, HORT 174.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and describe common garden hardscape features and their iconic details.
  2. Identify and describe hardscape construction techniques applied to concrete, pavers and stone.
  3. Describe the construction assets and liabilities of various hardscape materials.

HORT 277: Landscape Lighting

Credits: 1.0

Technical knowledge and skills to create more garden visibility, drama and exotic nighttime effects with lights. S/U grade. Prerequisite(s): MATH 087 placement or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe basic components of landscape lighting.
  2. Measure and calculate the number and spacing of lights for particular situations.

HORT 278: Landscape Construction Design

Credits: 4.0

Covers the preparation of landscape construction drawings including layout, grading and construction details. Basic drafting conventions and techniques are also taught and practiced. Prerequisite(s): HORT 174 and placement into MATH 087 or higher.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze data to solve grading and slope calculations.
  2. Use plane geometry to develop site layout plans.
  3. Describe and discuss results of analytical processes for suitability of construction materials and techniques through appropriate graphic and written modes.
  4. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate sustainable practices in landscape design and installation.

HORT 280: Weed Identification and Management

Credits: 3.0

Learn to recognize weed and invasive plants and their weak points to better manage them in landscapes and nurseries; chemical and nonchemical programs. Prerequisite(s): HORT 110 or instructor permission and placement into MATH 087 or higher.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information about a variety of weedy plants and control options to develop weed management plans (including weed identification, control choices, and costs) for specific site situations.
  2. Work effectively in groups to evaluate a variety of sites, identify common weeds, and recommend appropriate control options (including cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical).
  3. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate selection of the least toxic and most sustainable methods of weed control for a variety of landscape, nursery and natural area weed situations.

HORT 281: Sustainable Lawn Installation

Credits: 1.0

Concepts behind designing and installing a sustainable lawn. Industry calculations for drainage, water infiltration, materials used.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe and define sustainable turf criteria for the landscape.
  2. Calculate necessary amounts of sod, seed, bulk materials and fertilizer necessary for installation and maintenance of any given area.

HORT 282: Sustainable Lawn Management

Credits: 1.0

Dynamics of sustainable turf maintenance including weed, insect, and disease control, fertilization and cultural requirements.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe and define the dynamics of sustainable turf maintenance including weed, insect, and disease control, fertilization and cultural requirements.
  2. Perform calculations regarding quantities of topdressing, fertilizers and pesticides required for a specific turf area.

HORT 283: Groundcovers

Credits: 1.0

Viable alternatives to turf as well as plantings beneath shrubs and trees; consideration given to difficult sites where turf is not an option. A field trip is integral to this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Describe and identify sites where groundcovers would be viable alternatives to turf.
  2. Identify a variety of groundcover plants appropriate for Pacific Northwest gardens and their cultural needs.
  3. Calculate the number of plants needed for specific sites.

HORT 284: Irrigation Design

Credits: 5.0

Wise use of water from proper system design and installation through maintenance and management. Learn the most effective way to water a landscape including head spacing, hydraulics, installation and controller scheduling. Efficient water use stressed.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Define and describe sprinkler components and their functions (including the multiple styles used today) and their general location.
  2. Design a basic irrigation system utilizing appropriate sprinkler heads, nozzles, valves and pipes.
  3. Program and troubleshoot sprinkler controllers for sustainably managed landscapes.
  4. Describe basic sprinkler system maintenance and repair procedures.
  5. Draft, to scale, a basic irrigation system.

HORT 286: Landscape Maintenance and Renovations

Credits: 4.0

Design and maintenance are blended into renovation issues. Site analysis of existing plants and problems such as insects, diseases, spacing, etc. are worked into projected plans and management scheduling. Hands-on project and site project required.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Develop a check list to identify biotic and abiotic stresses on plants in the landscape.
  2. Identify design flaws contributing to the need for excessive and unsustainable landscape management.
  3. Synthesize the stress checklist and design flaws into a series of renovation recommendations.
  4. Implement landscape renovation recommendations.
  5. Develop a 12 month landscape management plan.

HORT 287: Low Volume Irrigation

Credits: 2.0

Interpret, assemble, and design low-volume irrigation, including drip systems, in context with landscape design/existing gardens as a designer, installer, and maintenance professional. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 087 or higher.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify and describe the material and tools used in the installation of low-volume irrigation systems.
  2. Identify the various kinds of low-volume irrigation systems and contrast their applications.
  3. Install a complete low-volume system.

HORT 291: Internship

Credits: 1.0 to 4.0

Practical work experience at horticultural enterprises, including nurseries and farms, garden centers and food hubs, public gardens and parks, and restoration organizations and consultancies, that applies and builds upon the knowledge and skills derived from program coursework. Students establish learning objectives and outcomes with the internship providers. S/U grade option. Permit code required. Should be taken within the last two quarters of the program. Registration permitted in the first seven weeks as space is available.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Select a horticulture internship in greenhouse and nursery operations, landscape and restoration horticulture, or urban agriculture.
  2. Identify, complete, and evaluate internship learning objectives mutually agreed upon by the intern and internship provider.
  3. Demonstrate knowledge and skills acquired and practiced during the internship.

HORT 293: Practicum in Sustainable Agriculture

Credits: 1.0 to 2.0

Hands on practical experience managing an urban farm enterprise for aspiring practitioners. Apply weekly on farm education and training to seasonally appropriate operational and production tasks at the Sammamish Valley Student Farm. Should be taken within the last two quarters of the program. Permit code required. Registration permitted in the first seven weeks as space is available.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Apply knowledge and skills derived from program coursework to seasonally appropriate urban farm site planning, propagation, production, cultivation, harvesting, and postharvest management of crops.
  2. Operate task appropriate urban farm equipment and tools in a safe and efficient manner while managing biological competitors for optimal agroecosystem health and economic benefit.
  3. Evaluate urban farm site operations and production within an integrated whole farm context that aims to balance sustainable small business and landscape management.

HORT 294: Research in Sustainable Agriculture

Credits: 2.0

Independent study and research on a topic related to sustainable agriculture, with guidance provided by a research mentor. An introduction to the scientific method, critical thinking, and technical communication for self motivated learners. Should be taken within the last two quarters of the program. Permit code required. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Use online databases to identify, evaluate, and synthesize scientific literature related to a sustainable agriculture research topic, resulting in a properly cited literature review and bibliography.
  2. Formulate a sustainable agriculture hypothesis, as well as design and conduct an experiment to test the hypothesis.
  3. Interpret and illustrate the results of a sustainable agriculture research project, using technical writing and graphical representations, and effectively report the results in the form of a scientific poster, verbal presentation, or research paper.

HORT 295: Final Project

Credits: 1.0

The second year project is oriented toward career goals using training and experience in a practical demonstration of competency. The project should be taken during the last quarter of your program and arranged with your advisor. S/U grade option. Permit code required.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate their ability to apply training and problem-solving techniques to realistic situations in design, landscaping or maintenance projects.
  2. Provide evidence of skills in order to convince future clients of abilities and experience.

HORT 296: Greenhouse/Nursery Practicum I

Credits: 3.0

The summary course for second year nursery/greenhouse students involving the production of crops. HORT 297 should follow. S/U grade option. Three additional lab hours per week to be arranged.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Create a crop production plan.
  2. Propagate and produce crops for sale.
  3. Document crop production activities in a comprehensive record.

HORT 297: Greenhouse/Nursery Practicum II

Credits: 3.0

Continuation of HORT 296 focusing on the continued production and growth of greenhouse and/or nursery crops. S/U grade option. Three additional lab hours per week to be arranged. Prerequisite(s): HORT 296 or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Create a crop production plan.
  2. Propagate and produce crops for sale.
  3. Document crop production activities in a comprehensive record.

HORT 298: Individual Project in Horticulture

Credits: 1.0 to 5.0

Study of student-selected project or approved experience in the field of horticulture. S/U grade option. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available. Prerequisite(s): Instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Demonstrate learning objectives as determined by the supervising instructor.